Wednesday, 25 August 2010

Shaheed Minar

The Shaheed Minar is a national monument in Dhaka, Bangladesh, established to commemorate those killed during the Language Movement demonstrations of 1952. On February 21, 1952, dozens of students and political activists were killed when the Pakistani police force opened fire on Bengali protesters who were demanding equal status to their native tongue, Bangla. The massacre occurred near Dhaka Medical College and Ramna Park in Dhaka.
Famous architect Hamidur Rahman created the design of Shaheed Minar in 1957. Dr. Sayeed Haider, was the main planner and the designer of the first Shaheed Minar. The foundation stone of this Shaheed Mianar was laid on February 21, 1956. Hamidur Rahman’s model was a huge complex on a large area of land in the yard of Dhaka Medical College Hostel.
The enormous design included a half-circular column to symbolize the mother with her fallen sons standing on the monument's central dais. Yellow and deep blue pieces of stained glass, symbolizing eyes reflecting the sun, were also to be placed in the columns. The marble floor was designed to reflect the moving shadows of the columns. The basement of the Minar also included a 1,500-square-foot fresco depicting the history of the language movement. A railing decorated with Bangla alphabet was to be constructed in front.
The Minar was severely damaged during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The columns were destroyed during the fighting. The Pakistani Army crushed the Minar. After Liberation War the Minar build again in 1973 by the period of Awami League government.

Architect: Hamidur Rahman
Construction supervisor: Hamidur Rahman and Novera Ahmed.
Planner & designer: Dr. Sayeed Haider
Date: 1957-1973
Location: Dhaka
Type: monument

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